Unable to install Windows 8 – Error Code 0x0000005D

Issue:
When you try to install Windows 8 on a Pentium 4 or lower computer, but upon boot, you are getting the following error message:
Your PC needs to restart
Please hold down the power button
Error Code 0x0000005D
Parameters
0x030F0401
0x756E6547
0x49656E69
0x6C65746E

Description:
Unlike Windows 7 and its predecessors, Windows 8 is not compatible with all models of the Pentium 4 processor.

This is due to the fact that Windows 8 requires a processor compatible with the following functions: SSE2, PAE and NX bit. All Pentium 4 are compatible with SSE2 and EAP: the problem may come from the NX bit.